Research for Liver Cancer Treatment
A variety of variables will determine your liver cancer treatment plan. Your overall health, what kind of liver cancer you possess, and whether the disease has spread are a few of these.
Your doctor might suggest a range of therapies, including:
- Targeted treatment
- Radiation treatment
- Ablative treatment
- Embolism treatment
In order to increase the lifespan and standard of life for patients with liver cancer, researchers are constantly creating and evaluating novel treatment modalities.
Here are some of the most significant recent advancements in research and treatment for liver cancer.
New Medicine Combinations
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a prevalent form of liver cancer, has been given FDA approval for a new drug combination.
The FDA specifically approved the use of Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab in combination for the treatment of HCC that has grown or cannot be treated surgically.
Immune checkpoint inhibitors, such as Atezolizumab, are a subset of immunotherapy. It aids the immune system in locating and eliminating cancer cells.
Bevacizumab is an example of a targeted medicine that works to prevent tumors from forming new blood vessels. The tumors may lessen as a result.
According to research, the treatment of advanced HCC with Atezolizumab and Bevacizumab was superior to sorafenib alone.
Sorafenib is an additional form of the specific treatment that prevents tumor blood vessel formation. Other drug combinations for liver cancer are being researched by experts.
The FDA, for instance, recently approved the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab for the treatment of advanced HCC in patients who had previously taken sorafenib.
Checkpoint inhibitors like nivolumab and ipilimumab help direct the immune system’s response to cancer in the body.
An Innovative Method of Ablation
Tumors are eliminated using a process called ablation. It is typically used to treat tiny liver tumors that are difficult to remove with surgery.
Ablation can take various different forms:
- In order to heat and eliminate tumors, high-energy waves are used in radiation therapy and microwave radiation therapy.
- In cryoablation, cancer cells are frozen and killed using cold gases.
- To eliminate cancer cells, ethanol ablation involves injecting concentrated alcohol into tumors.
- The use of irreversible electroporation to treat liver cancer is currently being researched. It kills cancer cells by forcing open their pores with high-voltage electricity.
According to a review of studies, persistent electroporation may prove more efficient than alternative ablation procedures for treating small, very early-stage liver cancer tumors that are situated in difficult-to-treat regions.
For the treatment of liver cancer, researchers have also started combining more traditional ablation methods with additional medicines.
In research on mice, Radiofrequency ablation and the targeted medication sunitinib worked better together than Radiofrequency ablation or Sunitinib did by themselves.
Possible Radiation Prevention Method
High-energy particles are used in radiation therapy to destroy cancer cells. In patients whose livers have been harmed by illnesses like cirrhosis or hepatitis, it may be utilized for the treatment of liver tumors that surgery is unable to eliminate.
For the treatment of liver cancer, radiation therapy is a useful therapy.
Researchers are trying to identify which patients will benefit from various forms of therapy for liver cancer in addition to creating new cancer medicines and therapeutic combinations.
It is known as a specific medicine. The objective is to design methods of therapy that are unique to each patient’s particular tumor type.
In order to forecast how tumors would respond to various therapies, precision medicine involves locating specific genes or chemicals in tumors.
Recently, new drug combinations for the treatment of liver cancer received approval. Researchers are also investigating additional treatments for this condition, including procedures, medicines, and combination therapies.
Your healthcare professional can assist you in learning about the potential advantages and disadvantages of various therapeutic modalities, including recently developed treatments.
You can be encouraged to participate in a clinical trial by your healthcare practitioner if they believe you would benefit from getting a presently being tested experimental treatment.