Life Expectancy of HIV Positive Person
If HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) develops into AIDS, it may cause death. This condition weakens the immune system, which makes it difficult for the body’s ability to fight against other illnesses. However, many individuals are able to live longer and in better health with the help of antiretroviral therapy.
Over the past ten years, the outlook for those with HIV has considerably improved. Researchers discovered that since 1996, the life expectancy of HIV-positive individuals undergoing treatment has considerably increased.
Since then, additional antiretroviral medications have been created and added to the currently used antiretroviral therapy. As a result, there is now a highly successful HIV treatment plan.
How Has The Course of Treatment Developed for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)?
Antiretroviral drugs can aid in slowing the effects of HIV infection and preventing it from progressing to stage 3 HIV, or AIDS.
A medical professional will advise taking antiretroviral medication. A minimum of 3 or more antiretroviral drugs must be taken every day as part of this treatment. The combination contributes to reducing the body’s viral load, which measures the presence of HIV. There are pills that combine numerous drugs.
The many antiretroviral drug classes include:
- Inhibitors of non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase
- Inhibitors of nucleoside reverse transcriptase
- Anti-protease agents
- Entrance blockers
- Inhibitors of integrase
Viral-load suppression lowers the risk of HIV stage 3 infection and enables persons with HIV to lead healthy lives.
What Are The Long-Term Effects of HIV on a Person?
Even while the outlook for people with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) has significantly improved, they may still deal with certain adverse effects.
People who are HIV-positive over time may start to experience particular adverse effects of therapy or HIV itself.
These may consist of:
- Speeded-up aging
- Cognitive dysfunction
- Problems caused by inflammation
- Alterations to lipid levels
The way the body breaks down fats and sugars could also change. This may result in extra fat being stored in particular bodily regions, which may alter the form of the body. However, older HIV drugs are more frequently associated with these physical problems. Most of these effects don’t affect appearance at all with more recent treatments.
HIV infection can progress to the 3rd stage of HIV, or AIDS, if it is poorly managed or not treated at all. When an individual’s immune system is unable to protect their body from infections, they can develop stage 3 HIV. If an HIV-positive person’s immune system has less than 200 CD4 cells per milliliter of blood, a healthcare professional will probably diagnose stage 3 HIV infection.
Every stage 3 HIV patient has a variable life expectancy. The majority of patients can live quite healthy lives with consistent antiretroviral medication, however, some may pass away within several months of this diagnosis.
Are There any Long-Term Issues?
HIV can eventually cause the death of immune system cells. The body may find it challenging to fight major infections as a result. These opportunistic infections could be fatal because they can weaken an already compromised immune system.
A person with HIV will be identified as having stage 3 HIV, or AIDS, if they have an opportunistic infection.
Among the opportunistic infections are:
- Persistent pneumonia
- Spinal cord and brain disorders
- Pulmonary infections of several sorts
- Intestinal infection that persists
- Herpes simplex infection
- Fungi infections
- Infection with the cytomegalovirus
A significant cause of death for those with stage 3 HIV continues to be opportunistic infections, particularly tuberculosis. Adhering to therapy and obtaining regular checks are the best ways to stop an opportunistic infection.
Improving The Long-term Prospects for HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
Receiving treatment as soon as possible will help prolong life since HIV can swiftly weaken its defenses and progress to stage 3 HIV. People with HIV should consult their doctor frequently and take care of any new health issues as they appear.
Antiretroviral therapy must be started and maintained as soon as a diagnosis is made in order to maintain good health, stop complications, and stop HIV from progressing to stage 3.
HIV’s previously terrible future has been significantly improved by new tests, therapies, and technological developments. HIV infection was regarded as a death sentence thirty years ago. HIV-positive individuals can now enjoy long, healthy lives.